What are they?
A nervous breakdown, also known as a mental or emotional breakdown, can be described as an acute psychological or emotional collapse. It is a period of mental illness and anxiety, where an individual may feel they have reached an unmanageable point brought on by stress, anxiety or severe depression.
We all have a point where we feel we are unable to cope anymore and feel like we are falling apart. There is no shame in hitting this point as you may just be struggling with what life has thrown at you. If you feel you are at breaking point help is available and things can get better.
What causes them?
Nervous breakdowns are caused a variety of triggers. Major life events such as the death of a loved one, relationship breakdown, abuse, work-related stress or financial difficulties are all factors which may contribute. However, it can also be brought on by a gradual build-up of stress where an individual may feel completely overwhelmed by several aspects of their lives. This is the point where everything can feel unmanageable and individuals may find they are no longer able to function as they normally would.
Signs and symptoms (how to spot it / what does it feel like)
Some of the signs to look out for if you feel you may be experiencing a nervous breakdown or are close to include:
· Feeling that life is out of control
· Feeling like you are “going crazy”
· Feeling negative about everything
· Feeling depressed
· Feeling scared, worried and anxious
· Feeling suicidal
· Crying for no reason and becoming upset easily
· Not feeling yourself
· Being withdrawn and finding it hard to leave the house
· Finding it hard to do the things you normally do
· Experiencing incredibly intense and overwhelming feelings
· Feeling completely helpless
· Fearing that things will not get any better
· Feeling fatigued and tired all the time
· Feeling overwhelmingly stressed
· Feeling tense and experiencing aches and pains
· Experiencing increased internal chatter where your mind is never quiet
· Dwelling on things
It is important to seek help if you have been experiencing any of these symptoms for up to 2 weeks without any improvement. You do not have to experience all of these symptoms to be having a nervous breakdown.
Talking therapy can provide individuals with a safe and confidential space in which to explore their thoughts and feelings.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) may be offered to help manage any difficulties around anxiety. It can address negative thoughts and behaviours, helping individuals to explore triggers and coping strategies. Cognitive behavioural therapy is a structured therapy which teaches individuals new skills to manage their difficulties.
Counselling is non-directive and can help individuals process their difficulties by talking through them. Experienced therapists can help individuals to understand and manage their problems as they gain a deeper understanding of themselves. It can help clarify thoughts and feelings in a supported environment. This can give a new perspective and help gain insight and recognise one's own resourcefulness.
Medications such as antidepressants or anti-anxiety drugs may be prescribed to help you cope with the symptoms. Subscribe for a monthly fee of £4.99 in the UK, or €7.99 in Ireland and get unlimited doctor online consultations.
By Helen Rutherford