What Are They?
A nervous breakdown, also known as a mental or emotional breakdown, can be described as an acute psychological or emotional collapse. It is a period of mental illness and anxiety, where an individual may feel they have reached an unmanageable point brought on by stress, anxiety or severe depression.
We all have a point where we feel we are unable to cope anymore and feel like we are falling apart. There is no shame in hitting this point as you may just be struggling with what life has thrown at you. If you feel you are at breaking point help is available and things can get better.
What Causes Them?
Nervous breakdowns are caused a variety of triggers. Major life events such as the death of a loved one, relationship breakdown, abuse, work-related stress or financial difficulties are all factors which may contribute. However, it can also be brought on by a gradual build-up of stress where an individual may feel completely overwhelmed by several aspects of their lives. This is the point where everything can feel unmanageable and individuals may find they are no longer able to function as they normally would.
Talking therapy can provide individuals with a safe and confidential space in which to explore their thoughts and feelings.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) may be offered to help manage any difficulties around anxiety. It can address negative thoughts and behaviours, helping individuals to explore triggers and coping strategies. Cognitive behavioural therapy is a structured therapy which teaches individuals new skills to manage their difficulties.
Counselling is non-directive and can help individuals process their difficulties by talking through them. Experienced therapists can help individuals to understand and manage their problems as they gain a deeper understanding of themselves. It can help clarify thoughts and feelings in a supported environment. This can give a new perspective and help gain insight and recognise one's own resourcefulness.
Medications such as antidepressants or anti-anxiety drugs may be prescribed to help you cope with the symptoms.