Sexually Transmitted Infections
What Are They?
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), also known as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and venereal diseases (VD) are infections that are spread by unprotected sex, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex and oral sex. They vary in symptoms, both serious and benign, with some showing no symptoms at all.
Most STDs affect both men and women, but some can be more severe for women. This is especially the case with pregnant woman, when it can cause health problems for the baby. Some untreated STIs can even prevent a woman from getting pregnant altogether.
Common STIs include:
- Bacterial Vaginosis
- Genital Herpes
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis C
- Human Papillomavirus
- Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV)
- Pubic Lice (Crabs)
- Yeast Infections
What Causes Them?
STIs are caused by over 30 different bacteria, viruses and parasites. Bacterial STIs include chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis, viral STIs include genital herpes, HIV/AIDS and genital, whereas parasitic STIs include trichomoniasis among others.
The best form of treatment of STIs is prevention, and the only certain way of preventing STIs is abstinence. If abstinence is not an option, then wearing a condom can help prevent transfer of STIs.
If you think you have an STI then head into your nearest sexual health clinic or you can speak to a babylon doctor. Depending on what it is, you can receive a variety of treatments, such as creams and antibiotics.